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ANALISIS PERAN LEMBAGA SEBAGAI UPAYA PENANGGULANGAN STUNTING DI KABUPATEN MALANG
|: Jurnal Ilmiah (Non-Kategori) [Indonesia]
|: I Dewa Nyoman Supariasa, MPS., Jupriyono, S.Kp, M.Kes,. M. Ikhwan, A.Md. Gz.
|: , Gizi
|: Poltekkes Malang, Malang: 2019.
AbstraksiThis study aims to determine the role of institutions as stunting prevention efforts in Malang district. The prevalence of stunting in children aged 0-23 months can reduce the quality of Human Resources (HR). Indonesia's 2011 Human Development Index (HDI) Ranking is 124 out of 187 countries. Risk factors for stunting have different characteristics in each region. So in Malang, a study of risk factors for stunting events is needed so that the interventions carried out are appropriate and relevant. The prevalence of stunting toddlers (short and very short) tends to go up in the first 3 years and down in the last 2 years of the 2012-2016 period. The highest prevalence occurred in 2014 which amounted to 30.6% and the lowest prevalence occurred in 2016 which amounted to 22.9%. The prevalence of stunting toddlers in 2016 in Malang is lower than the East Java average of 26.1% and national of 27.5%. Based on the prevalence of stunting toddlers in 2016 Malang Regency has a public health problem because the prevalence is ≥20.0. This study uses a qualitative research approach and design. Qualitative data analysis is working with data, organizing data, breaking it down into manageable units, synthesizing it, searching and finding patterns, finding important things to learn and deciding what can be told to others. Stages of qualitative data analysis: (a) Reading / studying data, marking key words and ideas that are in the data; (b) Studying the key words by trying to find themes derived from the data; (c) Write down the model found; and (d) coding that has been done. Evaluation of the Implementation of the National Strategy for Acceleration of Prevention of Dwarfed Children (Stunting) Malang Regency by BPKP Representatives of East Java Province contains 5 pillars of stunting prevention, namely: (a) Commitment and Vision of Leadership; (b) National Campaign and Communication for Behavior Change; (c) Convergence of Central, Regional and Village Programs; (d) Food and Nutrition Security; (e) Monitoring and Evaluation. The points that have not been implemented by Malang Regency are not coordinating the involvement and cooperation between government institutions, the private sector, civil society, and the community to accelerate the prevention of stunting, do not yet have a behavioral change campaign plan developed with due regard to the socio-cultural conditions of the community and evidence of success interventions to prevent and reduce stunting rates, do not yet have a program to increase the scope and quality of major food fortification programs, there is no cross monitoring the sector is coordinated by the Secretariat / TNP2K Secretariat and Bappenas. The pillar points that have been implemented are having Commitments in the form of Regulations or Policies that are adequate at the Regional level to support the implementation of convergence / integration of prevention of stunting effectively and efficiently in accordance with the authorities and resources of Regional Governments, have carried out behavior change campaigns but have not been based behavior change campaign design, has improved management of services for priority nutrition interventions and ensures that priority targets obtain and utilize the package of interventions provided, has encouraged increased consumption of animal, vegetable and fruit foods, especially for target groups and other nutrition-prone groups through socialization to mothers pregnant and school children. BPS together with the Ministry of Health has carried out an annual stunting survey through the National Socio-Economic Survey (SUSENAS) which can measure the prevalence of stunting in districts / cities that are the object of evaluation. The Malang Regency Government has a high commitment shown by several regulations and decisions of the regent. The role of agencies / institutions in stunting prevention has been coordinated by Malang Regency Bappeda and has shown good convergence but needs to be improved. In 2019 10 Stunting Locus were determined and in 2020 there will be 22 Stunting Locus. With the activities of Omah Sadar Gizi (Osagi) and the Paguyuban Ibu Toddler caring for the Posyandu (Ibalidu) from the Department of Health in tackling stunting, it is hoped that it can encourage public awareness to behave clean and healthy lives. Evaluation of the implementation of the National Strategy for the Prevention of Prevention of Dwarf Children (Stunting) Malang Regency contains 5 pillars of stunting prevention with the results showing the convergence of stunting handling is not optimal. Keynote : Function, Prevent, Stunting
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